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first_imgDarwin’s claim to fame is strangely missing when the critical eye reads scientific papers looking for it.Natural selection, everyone knows, is Darwin’s prize theory. With natural selection, he could explain humans from bacteria. But for that much progress to come out of a blind, aimless process* that selects random variations,* it needs to show some true creative ability. Think of the fantastic organs and systems in a bird, a dinosaur, or a human being! What incredible amounts of programmed information must have arisen since the first cell. Surely there must be evidence for awesome creative power in Darwin’s “mechanism” of natural selection.*Proof that natural selection is equivalent to the Stuff Happens Law.Be Not DeceivedFirst, though, we need to know what natural selection is not, because secular scientists use the word “selection” for several non-creative processes. They also use other related terms that are non-creative. Natural selection is not:Artificial selection: choice by intelligent minds is opposite Darwin’s mechanism.Purifying selection: this eliminates harmful variations.Stabilizing selection: this keeps things as they are.Balancing selection: similar to stabilizing selection.Negative selection: this eliminates information.Conservation: means no change has occurred.Hybridization: combines existing information.Introgression: another way of inserting information from another species.Genetic drift: variation without innovation, aim or purpose.Polyploidy and Gene Duplication: copying existing genes or chromosomes.Subfunctionalization: splitting functions of a gene into two genes doesn’t add information.Darwinians also use the following terms, but none of them come with the power to create. Evolutionists merely assume that they have the power to innovate wings, arms, and eyes.Environmental selection: blind nature has no power to innovate – only eliminate.Sexual selection: if this notion works at all, it only exaggerates existing information.Group selection: groups have no more inherent power to create than individuals.Kin selection: related individuals have no more inherent power to create than individuals.Multilevel selection: two or more units of selection have no more inherent power than one unit.Selection pressure: “stuff happens” is not creative. It doesn’t care which direction an organism goes.What Darwin needs is “neo-functionalization,” a new function appearing from random variation. This is also called “positive selection” or innovation, or novelty. This is what Darwin needs to build people from bacteria: lots of novelty—and not just any new thing, but new things that work, that build things and create new designs by chance. Novelty must be based in huge amounts of new genetic information that specifies how to make the new trait. So when looking for natural selection in the original Darwinian sense, one must keep the eyes on the ball and not be distracted by these other concepts. Except for artificial selection, none of them – alone or in combination – has any inherent ability to create new complex, functional information.Natural Selection: Where Is It?It’s Not in HistoryModern Synthesis, 1937 (The Scientist). This article discusses the history of neo-Darwinism, the “modern synthesis” that became Darwinian orthodoxy in the 1930s. It mentions natural selection (NS) several times. So where is it? Did Darwin have evidence? “Meanwhile, based on Darwin’s writings, biologists thought natural selection happened in populations, but didn’t have an idea how it worked at the level of organisms.” This, mind you, is decades after Darwin’s book. Then, almost 80 years after Darwin cooked up the theory, they finally cooked up a “model” of NS by applying both Mendelian genetics (Mendel was a theist, not an evolutionist), and Fisher’s population genetics (read about that here). Actual evidence that NS works is hidden in perhapsimaybecouldness words:In his book Genetics and the Origin of Species, published in 1937, Dobzhansky argued that genetic mutations were sources of variability that, through natural selection, could lead to evolutionary change, and he suggested that these processes could lead to speciation of populations that are isolated long enough.But all the actual experimentation on fruit flies showed devolution (downward, harmful change), not evolution. See Michael Behe’s book Darwin Devolves for much more evidence that natural selection is powerless to create upward progress through innovation.It’s Not in SpeculationExploding Stars Probably Didn’t Spur Hominins to Walk Upright (The Scientist). For once, some scientists are willing to call a Darwin just-so story “bizarre” and “weird.” Unfortunately, they do not apply those adjectives to natural selection itself. The just-so story is an idea that a cosmic ray shower sometime millions of Darwin Years ago burned the forests, leaving our ape-like ancestors without trees to climb in. They had to figure out how to get around in the newly-created savannahs, so they began to walk upright. Silly? Yes. But— writer Ashley Yeager continues the storytelling with more bizarre, weird NS ideas. Be on the alert for any actual evidence that NS “selected” any random mutations that started any of the major transformation required for upright walking.The fossil record shows that, around the time that researchers think the transition to bipedalism was happening, apes seemed to be evolving traits associated with less aggression, such as smaller canine teeth. Lovejoy says he thinks that this was partly due to sexual selection by females for males that were better providers instead of better aggressors. Because walking upright might have allowed males to carry more food, this sexual selection therefore could also have favored bipedalism.It’s an interesting hypothesis and has merit, Zipfel says. However, there’s evidence that early bipedal hominins may not have been monogamous, and there may be more than one reason for hominins to have stood up and started walking. In his mind, still, “the drivers of human bipedalism remain largely elusive.”It’s Not in Word CountsGenome-wide misexpression associated with hybrid sterility in Mimulus (monkeyflower) (bioRxiv). Look for evidence of Darwin’s miracle-working innovative power in this preprint on bioRxiv that uses the word “selection” 32 times. In every case, it is either stabilizing selection, purifying selection, recurrent selection with backcrossing (related to hybridization and introgression, or shuffling of existing genetic information), genetic drift, or speculation about what natural selection might do. No progress at all is found; just re-sorting of existing material.It’s Not Within PopulationsGenetic study provides novel insights into the evolution of skin color (Science Daily). This article mentions “strong natural selection” at work in human skin pigmentation, hair color, and the like. Those traits are small potatoes compared to a lung, a skeleton, and a heart.Dr Kaustubh Adhikari (UCL Genetics Institute), said: “Our work demonstrates that lighter skin colour evolved independently in Europe and East Asia. We also show that this gene was under strong natural selection in East Asia, possibly as adaptation to changes in sunlight levels and ultraviolet radiation.”But Darwin’s theory was about the origin of new species, not variations within one species, Homo sapiens. All humans are interfertile. All have the same genome. Why is Adhikari bringing up skin color as an example of natural selection? What is he, a racist?It’s Not in Observational ScienceIntegrating vision and echolocation for navigation and perception in bats (Science Advances). In this paper studying how bats echolocate, two scientists “conclude that sensory integration is task dependent and that bimodal information is weighed in a more complex manner than previously suggested.” They have no need of evolution or NS to do their work. Not a single instance of any of that enters into this paper. It doesn’t appear in the summary in Phys.org, either.Natural selection: Where is it? Only in words, not in evidence. Next question: Who needs it?See also: “Darwinians Cannot Agree on What Natural Selection Is,” 2 April 2018.“Time to Ditch Natural Selection?”, 3 Oct 2015.(Visited 507 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

first_img4 February 2010Mining giant Anglo American has announced a new enterprise development venture that will help to generate more jobs, support entrepreneurship and strengthen local economies in South Africa.The company is to establish 12 enterprise development hubs in high unemployment areas in South Africa through the ongoing Anglo Zimele initiative. The venture is expected to create 25 000 new jobs in up to 1 500 new businesses across South Africa over the next seven years.Business Call to ActionThe commitment is a pledge to the Business Call to Action (BCtA) – a global initiative that challenges companies to apply their core business expertise, technology and innovative spirit to tackle poverty, promote growth in developing countries, and contribute to the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).Anglo American is the first company from the extractive industry to have a project accepted by the BCtA.“We are delighted that the expansion of Anglo American’s long-established Anglo Zimele programme has been recognised by the Business Call to Action and we are continuing to review further opportunities to grow this successful and enormously valuable community programme,” Anglo American CEO Cynthia Carroll said in a statement this week.Start-up fundsThe company will provide financing for small business start-up funds targeting the most vulnerable segments of South African society, in addition to providing mentoring and access to supply chain opportunities.“Long-term economic growth is vital to the fight against global poverty, and business investment is vital to building economic growth,” United Nations Development Programme administrator Helen Clark said recently.“Today, business leaders are rewriting the value equation, to show that true worth comes not only from profits but from making a positive difference.”Looking to the future, Anglo American will also seek to further increase its enterprise development activities in Chile and Brazil.SAinfo reporterWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See: Using SAinfo materiallast_img read more

first_imgWhy IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfaces People certainly do not waste any time. It’s the first full workday of 2013 and as the world wakes up from its collective holiday season coma, the rumor cycle has started spinning in full gear. The hype target everybody is shooting for? Apple, of course. Apple rumors are the lifeblood of the technology media. Feeling bored? Looking for a story? Well, find a “source” and speculate that the new iDevice is coming and “it will be super awesome this time, believe our sources.” Today is an especially big day for the Apple rumor cycle. It seems like everyone was sitting on their hands during the holidays, waiting until the real work started at the beginning of the new year to spew their collective Apple-gasms. So, what are people prognosticating? Here is a roundup of the rumor mill.iPhone 6 & iOS 7 Being Tested By AppleThe Next Web reports supposed data logs showing that new iPhone hardware and software are being tested at Apple’s Cupertino campus. The identifier that developers are seeing shows an identifier as “iPhone6,2” showing up in logs. For reference, the iPhone 5 shows up in developer logs as “iPhone5,1” or “iPhone5,2” depending on the type of iPhone a person is using. New iPhones To Come In Multiple Screen Sizes/ColorsBusiness Insider points out a prediction from analyst Brian White of Topeka Capital saying that the new iPhones will come in multiple colors and screen sizes and could be released by June this year. To note, June is usually when Apple does its World Wide Developer’s Conference and has historically been when the company announces the newest version of iOS though typically not the iPhone that will launch with it. Apple moving away from the black/white color scheme would not be surprising considering that the new iPod Touch line comes in a variety of colors and it seems that Apple’s manufacturers could easily apply that to any new iPhones. iPad Mini 2 – Retina & A6 ProcessorCNET thinks that the iPad Mini 2 is in the works and that the next iteration of Apple’s smaller tablet will get the same Retina display as the fourth-generation iPad along with the A6 processor that shipped with the iPhone 5. Those seem fairly realistic predictions. What do you think Apple would do? Ship an iPad Mini 2 that was not quantifiably better than the original? Forget for a second that is basically what Apple did in October when it announced the fourth-generation iPad upgrade over the third-generation released in March. Apple Leaving Samsung For TSMCAn article from AppsGoneFree cites reports that Apple is leaving Samsung for production on its new ARM-based processor A6X for iPads and iPhones. The article states that Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC) will be the producer of the A6X Apple and Samsung are at war for the top of the smartphone market (which Samsung is winning) and in patent courts, so it makes plenty of sense that Apple would be looking to shift its processor business away from the Korean tech giant. Macs Get Faster Wi-FiThe Next Web chimes in with another rumor, stating that the new Mac computers in 2013 will have “5G Wi-Fi” chips (otherwise known as 802.11ac networking). This is the newest version of Wi-Fi and we will likely see it coming to many new devices in the next year or so. Not to be outdone, the Android community is also dishing out its own rumors.New Samsung Galaxy S Device In BenchmarksPhone Arena shows benchmarks from NenaMark2 for a Samsung device with the tagline identifier of GT-I9600. Android Authority doubts the credibility of the benchmark and wonders if perhaps it is some type of vaporware. HTC Product Roadmap For 2013Android Authority cites a report that shows the codenames of 35 new HTC smartphones in development. That might seem like a lot of different phones, but keep in mind that one smartphone can have several different iterations, depending on the country it is intended for and what kind of cellular connection it is using.The rumor hogs are just getting started. Speculation of Apple remains extremely high and Android enthusiasts are just as enamored with what might be coming as their Apple counterparts. What devices are you looking forward to in 2013? Let us know in the comments.  Related Posts The Rise and Rise of Mobile Payment Technology dan rowinskicenter_img Role of Mobile App Analytics In-App Engagement Tags:#Android#Apple#iPad#iPhone#Rumors What it Takes to Build a Highly Secure FinTech …last_img read more

first_imgLacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ For almost a couple of minutes, Suzuki had Pacio in his control and he applied the rear-naked choke around the three-minute mark.“Suzuki had the better position and he knew how to properly place his legs and arms to prevent me from moving,” said Pacio. “He knew how to position himself and that’s where he got me.”Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next “I think I was too aggressive because I was really looking for that early knockout,” said Pacio (9-2), whose first strike attempt was a looping roundhouse kick right off the bell, in Filipino.“My first roundhouse didn’t have any setup, I just wanted to throw it away because I was expecting that we will exchange in striking but this is MMA.”FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSWin or don’t eat: the Philippines’ poverty-driven, world-beating pool starsPacio’s first defeat was against strawweight champion Yoshitaka Naito in October of 2016 and a win over Suzuki was meant to be a stepping stone for the 21-year-old to vie for the belt once more.Photo from ONE ChampionshipSuzuki (17-0-2) found the opening right about the first minute mark when he got Pacio’s back and the Japanese eventually dragged the fight to the ground.  NGCP on security risk: Chinese just technical advisers FEU Auditorium’s 70th year celebrated with FEU Theater Guild’s ‘The Dreamweavers’ Trump strips away truth with hunky topless photo tweet MOST READ Robredo should’ve resigned as drug czar after lack of trust issue – Panelo Pacio admits being too aggressive in loss to Suzuki893 viewsSportsVentuno Web Player 4.51 Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Gamescenter_img Church, environmentalists ask DENR to revoke ECC of Quezon province coal plant Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. National Coffee Research Development and Extension Center brews the 2nd National Coffee Education Congress LATEST STORIES Torres on Ishige: ‘I can easily take her punches’ DILG, PNP back suspension of classes during SEA Games MACAU—Joshua Pacio could’ve booked himself another title shot in the ONE Championship strawweight division, but that wouldn’t be the case after he bowed out in the first round of his fight against Hayato Suzuki.The Filipino fighter admitted he was to aggressive in his Saturday fight against Suzuki in ONE Championship: Kings & Conquerors at Cotai Arena here and that led to his eventual defeat.ADVERTISEMENT View commentslast_img read more

first_imgPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hosting 1 dead, 3 injured in Quezon road crash SEA Games hosting troubles anger Duterte LATEST STORIES View comments PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games PLAY LIST 02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss MOST READ The 21-year-old Kuthaisong scored 25 points for Generika-Ayala, which dropped its first five matches.Generika setter Jamie Lavitoria also had an impressive game, tossing 23 excellent sets, feeding Fiola Ceballos and Kseniya Kocyigit, who responded with 20 and 11 points, respectively.“I’m very happy for one and the whole team, we really worked it out today,” said Lavitoria.“We finally got the monkey off our backs. It is a win that we badly need,” said Meneses. “We finally found the right combinations and Jamie did a great job for us.”ADVERTISEMENT Petron repulses F2 Logistics in PSL Grand Prix finals rematch P2.5 B shabu seized in Makati sting, Chinese national nabbedcenter_img Hong Kong tunnel reopens, campus siege nears end Earlier, Generika-Ayala finally notched its first victory but not after toiling against a determined Foton side to prevail, 25-21, 25-22, 19-25, 20-25, 15-11.The Lifesavers quickly established a two sets to none lead largely through the efforts of Thai import Kanjana Kuthaisong, who replaced Brazilian Nikolle del Rio last week.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSUrgent reply from Philippine ‍football chiefSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesBut the Tornadoes made a run for it and, through import Courtney Felinski, slowly got  back into the game and forced a deciding set.Foton led, 4-1, at the start of the fifth but Kuthaisong soon caught fire and ignited a 7-0 run which the Lifesavers rode all the way to victory. Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Generika-Ayala’s Fiola Ceballos towers over Foton’s Maika Ortiz (left) and Selime Ilyasoglu for a kill. —Sherwin VardeleonUnited Volleyball Club and Generika-Ayala eked out much-needed victories against separate rivals Thursday night in the Philippine Superliga Grand Prix at Filoil Flying V Centre.UVC tripped PLDT Home, 25-18, 17-25, 25-22, 25-17, for its fourth win in seven games, while sending its foe to a 3-3 slate.ADVERTISEMENT Lacson backs proposal to elect president and vice president in tandem P2.5 B shabu seized in Makati sting, Chinese national nabbed Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Trump campaign, GOP groups attack Google’s new ad policylast_img read more