epfutrtembre

first_imgLegal & compliance AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitter Email Address Regions: Europe Nordics Sweden Swedish gambling regulator Spelinspektionen has launched a tender for a partner to provide verification services on operators applying for licences in the country. Tags: Online Gambling 10th May 2019 | By contenteditor Topics: Legal & compliance Subscribe to the iGaming newsletter Swedish gambling regulator Spelinspektionen has launched a tender for a partner to provide verification services on operators applying for licences in the country.The supplier will collect information on an applicant’s group structure, company information and ownership image, including the composition of boards, senior executives and the applicant’s physical addresses.Spelinspektionen did not state how many investigations the supplier will have to carry out as part of the agreement, but estimates that this figure could reach 50.Aside from new applicants, the regulator may request that its supplier partner also investigate the details of operators that already hold licences in Sweden.This additional activity could include verifying of identities of owners and senior executives at licensed companies.Since the Swedish market became regulated on January 1, Spelinspektionen has rolled out a number of initiatives in a major effort to clamp down on illegal and unlicensed gambling activities, as well as ensure licences are abiding by the new regulations.Aspire Global, Genesis Gaming and Paf Consultaing have all been fined in recent months over failures relating to the Swedish self-exclusion scheme, which went live with the regulated market in January.Last month, Spelinspektionen issued warnings to numerous operators that were found to have offered betting options on a football match featuring players under the age of 18.The regulator has also set out plans to crack down on excessive advertising in Sweden, with the Gaming Market Commission (Spelmarknadsutredningen) in the process of investigating a possible blanket ban. Swedish regulator seeks licence verification partnerlast_img read more

first_imgThe Entain Foundation will support Chance for Childhood to work within 10 Government Kindergarten Schools in low-income areas of Accra to increase the capacity of teachers and care givers to provide tailored services for children with special needs within an inclusive school environment. Anna-mai Andrews, the co-chief executive of Chance for Childhood, said: “Chance for Childhood are absolutely delighted to join forces with The Entain Foundation and all their incredible team to support this critical work to transform the first 1,000 days of children living in the world’s most living in some of the world’s most unsafe, violent and challenging environments.” The Entain Foundation was established to coordinate and support Entain’s ESG and CSR initiatives, objectives and donations around the world. The Foundation’s efforts are focused on four key areas of responsible gambling; grass roots, women’s and disability sport; men’s health, with a particular focus on mental health; and projects with a clear link to the local community in Entain’s major office locations. “We are proud to be able to support the invaluable work of Chance for Childhood, to make a transformational positive impact on such vulnerable children.” Subscribe to the iGaming newsletter The project will also employ Learning Support Assistants within these schools to tackle current challenges and improve the cognitive and social development of the children. Entain has teamed up with global charity Chance for Childhood with a target of supporting hundreds of African children. The pilot will seek to produce first-time evidence on the specific learning needs of children within the urban context of Accra. In addition to the Change the first 1,000 Days pilot, The Entain Foundation will be supporting Chance for Childhood on a range of other initiatives, to support vulnerable children. Uncategorized Regions: Ghanacenter_img Topics: Uncategorized The Entain Foundation has entered into a partnership with the charity, which supports vulnerable children, including those on the streets, disabled children and those affected by conflict, in developing a new pilot project called Change the first 1,000 Days. It will support 600 out-of-school children in street situations in Accra, Ghana, to ensure they can access early childhood education. 24th May 2021 | By Richard Mulligan Entain partners with children’s charity on education project in Ghana Tags: Entain AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitter Commenting on the project, Jette Nygaard-Andersen, chief executive of Entain said: “The Entain Foundation was set up to enable our business to contribute back to society and support communities around the globe. Email Addresslast_img read more

first_imgCFC Stanbic Holdings Limited (SBIC.ke) listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchange under the Banking sector has released it’s 2020 interim results for the half year.For more information about CFC Stanbic Holdings Limited (SBIC.ke) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the CFC Stanbic Holdings Limited (SBIC.ke) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: CFC Stanbic Holdings Limited (SBIC.ke)  2020 interim results for the half year.Company ProfileCFC Stanbic Holdings Limited is a financial service, insurance agency and stock broking company in Kenya offering products and services to the personal, commercial, corporate and investment banking sectors. The company also has division servicing clients in the Republic of South Sudan. Its corporate and investment banking division services range from transactional banking, debt securities and equity trading to project, structured and trade financing. Its personal and commercial banking division offers services ranging from The Corporate and Investment Banking segment offers foreign exchange, and debt securities and equities trading services; transactional banking and investor services; investment banking services, such as project finance, advisory, structured finance, structured trade finance, corporate lending, primary markets, and property finance services; and wealth management and advisory services to larger corporates, financial institutions, and international counterparties. The Personal and Business Banking segment provides residential accommodation loans to individual customers; installment sales and finance leases, including installment finance in the consumer vehicles market, and vehicles and equipment finance in the business market; and card facilities to individuals and businesses. This segment also offers transactional and lending products comprising deposit taking, electronic banking, cheque accounts, and other lending products associated with the various points of contact channels, such as ATMs, Internet, and branches. The company was formerly known as CfC Stanbic Holdings Limited and changed its name to Stanbic Holdings Plc in October 2016. The company is based in Nairobi, Kenya. Stanbic Holdings Plc is a subsidiary of Stanbic Africa Holdings Limited. CFC Stanbic Holdings Limited is listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchangelast_img read more

first_imgDan Lydiate – People may have questioned his inclusion in the Lions squad but he proved in Brisbane why Warren Gatland plumped for him. A real grafter – his work ethic probably the result of his farming background – he was putting in tackles left, right and centre, some times so eager to make the hit that he crept offside. He put in more tackles than anyone else – 13 – and missed only one. The question for the Lions coaches is do they want the graft of a Lydiate or the glamour of a Tom Croft?Test watch – NotAlex Cuthbert – The Welshman was caught out defensively, particularly for Luke Morahan’s try when he rushed up and was easily rounded by the Reds winger. His contribution fell short of his more recent standards and he was outshone by fellow wingers George North and Tommy Bowe, although the latter’s injury does open up a space in the first Test.Stuart Hogg – At times he was superb, at others distinctly nervy. A great open-field runner there were moments when he should have put boot to ball instead of keeping it in hand – he’s still lacking the experience and consistency to challenge Leigh Halfpenny for No 15 shirt.StatsThe Reds made 161 passes to the Lions’ 94 and nine clean breaks to the visitors’ five, but the Lions beat more defenders – 16 to 12.George North made the most metres of a player from either team – 118. Not bad seeing as though he missed the first 20 minutes!Scorers NOT FOR FEATURED Queensland Reds – Tries: Morahan, Frisby. Con: Cooper.British & Irish Lions – Try: B Youngs. Con: Farrell. Pens: Farrell 5. LATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALS Not quite! Sam Warburton is held up just short of the line after a great break from George NorthBy Sarah Mockford at Suncorp Stadium in BrisbaneIn a nutshellTHE TOUR proper has begun! This was the sort of match that Lions tours are famous for – tight, tense and terrifically entertaining. Quade Cooper’s Reds made their intentions clear from the off, running the ball at every opportunity, and they outscored the Lions two tries to one. Their inventive attacking play highlighted flaws in a defensive system the Lions players are still becoming accustomed to, and Andy Farrell will surely have welcomed this sort of test ahead of the series against Australia. Better to know the issues now than in the Tests themselves because there is still time to correct them.The heavy rain in the second half saw both sides tighten up after a breathless first 40, but the Reds’ second try kept the Lions on their toes until the final whistle. In the end the unerring boot of Owen Farrell and some gutsy defence saw them home. Now it’s on to Newcastle to face the Combined Country.Key momentBen Youngs made a great run in the 33rd minute and released the giant that is George North down the left wing. He in turn produced a pinpoint offload to Owen Farrell, who was unable to ground the ball. While this move didn’t result in a try, it did lead to a five-metre scrum and Ben Youngs’s quick reactions saw him pounce on the loose ball like a fat kid attacking cake (a tribute to 50 Cent there!) to score the Lions’ only try.Big break: George North sprints clearStar man – George NorthHe came off the bench after 20 minutes for Manu Tuilagi and what a spark he brought! In the first half he helped create two great try-scoring chances. There was the sublime offload to Owen Farrell and a scything break from his own 22 to set Sam Warburton on his way to the line – such a shame the moves couldn’t be finished off. He had a quieter second 40 – like most of the 30 players on the pitch – but with his speed, power, footwork and composure he’s the complete package, and a big one at that. He’ll be a real threat in the Test series.Test watch – HotMako Vunipola – With Cian Healy and Gethin Jenkins flying home, he was already the front-runner for the loosehead spot but he backed up the hype with this display. As well as putting in his tackles and doing the set-piece work, he proved a good link man on the ball and had the odd trundle.last_img read more

first_imgSo will Jordie Barrett get the call or is Steve Hansen more inclined to let him run some more games for the Hurricanes and maybe start for New Zealand Maori? Only time will tell but expect something special to happen.For the latest Rugby World subscription offers, click here. LATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALS Racking them up: Hurricanes full-back Jordie Barrett scores against the Stormers (Getty Images) TAGS: Highlight Look out, there’s a new Barrett in town.New Zealand, land of beautiful mountains, high clouds and the amazing All Blacks, has seen in the past couple of years a brilliant new player in Beauden Barrett. Well, it seems the Barrett family isn’t tired of producing new stars as Crusaders lock Scott, 23, has also played for the ABs (in the autumn Tests) and Jordie, 20, is mounting a challenge for the New Zealand full-back position.A star of last year’s Junior World Cup in Manchester, Jordie Barrett was excluded from this year’s U20 New Zealand squad because he is already moving in more elevated company. In the past year he has left the Canterbury team (after winning the Mitre 10 Cup), signed for Taranaki (alongside Beauden) and quickly become a mainstay of the Hurricanes franchise.Tall for a back, at 6ft 5in, Jordie has already run more than 500 metres in his Super Rugby season debut, while scoring four tries and assisting several more. Rugby World wrote previously about his quick-witted try against the Stormers, when he stripped the ball from a startled Nizaam Carr before the South African No 8 could touch it down for a drop-out.Kicking class: the 20-year-old Jordie often steps in as first or second receiver for the Canes (Getty)More impressive still is Barrett’s clean breaks and beaten defenders’ numbers (ten and 20) which highlight what a threat he is on the advantage line. He can kick goals too, achieving a 75% success rate when taking over the responsibility from Beauden.But when we talk about his time on the field, what does Jordie offer? For a start, the youngest of the five Barrett brothers has a unique understanding with Beauden. Quick, agile and with an adept kicking game borne of experience in the ten and 12 shirts, Jordie can shift the speed of the game with his footwork and attacking vision. He often steps in at first or second receiver.In a way he is the same type of player as fellow Hurricane Nehe Milner-Skudder – injured since Super Rugby’s third round – or Israel Dagg, in that he has the ability to create magic in a small space.The Hurricanes play a style of rugby that helps Jordie show his best side, as they like to utilize clever cross-kicks and up-and-unders for the back trio to catch and turn into a dangerous attacking situation. Jordie’s kicking skill delivers deepness to the Wellington side, making life very hard for their foes in the competition.Sibling rivalry: Jordie, Beauden and Scott, the Crusaders lock, after the Canes’ defeat at AMI StadiumThe connection between the fly-half and full-back helps make the Hurricanes the deadliest attacking outfit in Super Rugby, with 63 tries scored. The only side close to that at the completion of round 11 was Crusaders, who last week beat the Canes in a match that saw a more unusual string to Jordie’s bow – they threw to him at a fully set attacking lineout!The youngster likes to appear between the centres or behind one of the wingers, giving an advantage when his team is working in a confined space.He’s an elusive player who’s almost unreadable, much like Beauden. Will he attack the line? Will he do a small spin or a decoy entry? Or will he opt for a kick and chase? The options are almost limitless and that’s something that should earn him a part in the upcoming series with the Lions. Even at such a tender age, Jordie has a strategic mind inside the field, communicating well with his wings (Julian Savea and Cory Jane, both All Blacks), helping Vince Aso find a gap or changing places with Beauden to run a different kind of play.Against the Blues, he displayed marvellous dexterity to prevent an opposition touch-finder from going out deep inside the Canes’ 22. In such details you can see the greatness that lies inside Jordie Barrett – watch the video here.Man who makes the plan: Steve Hansen is blessed with strong options in almost every position (Getty)Where he still lacks some discipline or quality is in the tackle department. He has missed a lot of tackles, showing he is still a little green when faced by a rampaging wing or defending from a scrum in his own 22.For his age he handles the pressure well in most games, but sometimes he can crack. For example, against the Chiefs, Jordie was easily contained by the aggressive defensive qualities of Sam Cane and Anton Lienert-Brown.Lienert-Brown, set to take the No 13 All Black shirt against the Lions, not only closed any gaps between him and Tim Nanai-Williams or Toni Pulu but pressured sufficiently to smother any creativity from Barrett’s hands or feet.Canes coach Chris Boyd has identified the need to manage Jordie’s game time. After seven successive starts, the player is on the bench for this weekend’s clash with the Cheetahs, with Beauden switching from No 10 to the full-back berth.Jordie won’t feature in the starting All Black XV, as Ben Smith will be back in time for the first training camp and Dagg is almost ready to fire up again for the Crusaders following a knee injury.And don’t forget Damian McKenzie, who can almost single-handedly win games for the Chiefs. The full-back famed for his cat-flap offloads is at the top of his form and one of the best players in the southern hemisphere. He has run almost a kilometre, creating countless try-scoring opportunities for his team.Contender: Damian McKenzie has been sensational this season for the high-flying Chiefs (Getty)He and Barrett are both young but both could bring even more X-factor to Steve Hansen’s team.The World Cup is little more than two years away so it’s time to start giving opportunities to players like Barrett, McKenzie, Ngani Laumape and the Ioane brothers, Akira and Rieko. Beauden’s kid brother has been outstanding for Hurricanes in his debut Super Rugby season and must come into Steve Hansen’s All Black reckoning, says Francisco Isaac last_img read more

first_imgNewcastle FalconsIn – Logovi’i Mulipola (Leicester Tigers), George McGuigan (Leicester Tigers)Out – D.T.H van der Merwe (Glasgow Warriors), Juan Pablo Socino (Edinburgh), Maxime Mermoz (Toulouse)Northampton SaintsIn – Dan Biggar (Ospreys), Ben Franks (London Irish), James Haskell (Wasps), Taqele Naiyaravoro (NSW Waratahs)Out – Nic Groom (Lions), Rob Horne (retired), George North (Ospreys), Stephen Myler (London Irish), Ben Foden (Rugby United New York)Saint: Dan Bigger has moved from Ospreys to Northampton (Getty Images)Sale SharksIn – Chris Ashton (Toulon), Rohan Janse van Rensburg (Lions)Out – Mike Haley (Munster), Will Addison (Ulster), TJ Ioane (London Irish)SaracensIn – Alex Lexington (London Irish), David Strettle (Clermont), Tom Woolstencroft (London Irish)Out – Schalk Brits (retired), Nathan Earle (Harlequins), Chris Wyles (retired)WaspsIn – Brad Shields (Hurricanes), Lima Sopoaga (Highlanders), Nizaam Carr (Stormers)Out – Danny Cipriani (Gloucester), James Haskell (Northampton Saints), Matt Symons (Harlequins), Kyle Eastmond (Leicester Tigers)Worcester WarriorsIn – Cornell Du Preez (Edinburgh), Duncan Weir (Edinburgh), Jono Lance (Queensland Reds), Francois Venter (Cheetahs), Michael Fatialofa (Hurricanes) 2018/19 Gallagher Premiership Transfers And SigningsThe Gallagher Premiership has seen some huge moves from big players. Check out each clubs ins and outs in this piece.BathIn – Jackson Willison (Worcester Warriors), Lucas Noguera Paz (Jaguares), Jamie Roberts (Harlequins)Out – Matt Banahan (Gloucester), Josh Lewis (Dragons), Ben Tapuai (Harlequins), Nathan Charles (Melbourne Rebels)Bristol BearsIn – Charles Piutau (Ulster), John Afoa (Gloucester), Nik Stirzaker (Melbourne Rebels), Harry Thacker (Leicester Tigers), Jordan Lay (Edinburgh), George Smith (Queensland Reds)Out – Jordan Williams (Dragons), Rhodri Williams (Dragons), Olly Robinson (Cardiff Blues), Max Crumpton (Harlequins)Exeter ChiefsIn – Alex Cuthbert (Cardiff Blues), Santiago Cordero (Jaguares)Out – Shaun Malton (Bristol Bears), Thomas Waldrom (Wellington Lions), Will Chudley (Bath)GloucesterIn – Matt Banahan (Bath), Franco Marais (Sharks), Jaco Kriel (Lions), Danny Cipriani (Wasps), Franco Mostert (Lions), Ruan Dreyer (Lions), Todd Gleave (London Irish)Out – Ross Moriarty (Dragons), Richard Hibbard (Dragons), John Afoa (Bristol Bears), Matt Scott (Edinburgh), Jeremy Thrush (Western Force), Billy Burns (Ulster)On The Move: Danny Cipriani has moved from Wasps to Gloucester (Getty Images)HarlequinsIn – Ben Tapuai (Bath), Matt Symons (Wasps)Out – Jamie Roberts (Bath), Adam Jones (retired)Leicester TigersIn – Guy Thompson (Wasps), Will Spencer (Worcester), David Denton (Worcester)Out – Pat Cilliers (London Irish), Luke Hamilton (Edinburgh), Harry Thacker (Bristol Bears), Logovi’i Mulipola (Newcastle Falcons), George McGuigan (Newcastle Falcons) LATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALS The new Gallagher Premiership season has seen lots of big transfers and moves take place. Check them all out here Out – Donncha O’Callaghan (retired), Huw Taylor (Dragons), Jackson Willison (Bath), David Denton (Leicester Tigers), Peter Stringer (retired)Don’t forget to follow Rugby World on Facebook and Twitter.last_img read more

first_imgTuesday Apr 9, 2019 Christian Wade celebrates Buffalo Bills selection in style Former Wasps and England winger Christian Wade’s dream of becoming an NFL player moved a step closer yesterday when he was assigned to the Buffalo Bills’ practice squad through the International Player Pathway Programme.ADVERTISEMENTThis does not necessarily mean the 27-year-old will play in the NFL, but it gives the new running back a chance to work his way onto the 53-man roster ahead of next season.NFL UK shared this video on Twitter of Wade receiving the news:Wade described himself as “lost for words” on Instagram after the news was announced, and was congratulated by a host of former teammates and opponents from around the world such as Danny Cipriani, Maro Itoje, Conor Murray and Joe Rokocoko to name a few.Wade followed up that post with another slightly stranger image of him celebrating eating what can only be described as an entire rugby team’s portion of Buffalo wings:ADVERTISEMENTPerhaps this was the only fitting way to celebrate to Wade, after what must have been a long journey. Although he is not yet in the NFL, he must certainly feel that the decision to move on from rugby was a challenge worth taking.With 82 tries, Wade is third highest try scorer in Premiership history; he was a mainstay at Wasps, and it may have been deemed a risk to joining the International Player Pathway Programme, but it is starting to pay off as he begins to realise his NFL dream. Posted By: rugbydump Share Send Thanks Sorry there has been an error News , See it to Believe it Related Articles 25 WEEKS AGO Exeter vs Toulouse is off as a number of… 25 WEEKS AGO Danny Cipriani leaves Gloucester with immediate… 25 WEEKS AGO ‘Aphiwe can’t believe it. We were starting… From the WebThis Video Will Soon Be Banned. Watch Before It’s DeletedSecrets RevealedYou Won’t Believe What the World’s Most Beautiful Girl Looks Like TodayNueeyUrologists Stunned: Forget the Blue Pill, This “Fixes” Your EDSmart Life ReportsGranny Stuns Doctors by Removing Her Wrinkles with This Inexpensive TipSmart Life ReportsIf You Have Ringing Ears Do This Immediately (Ends Tinnitus)Healthier Living10 Types of Women You Should Never MarryNueeyThe content you see here is paid for by the advertiser or content provider whose link you click on, and is recommended to you by Revcontent. As the leading platform for native advertising and content recommendation, Revcontent uses interest based targeting to select content that we think will be of particular interest to you. We encourage you to view your opt out options in Revcontent’s Privacy PolicyWant your content to appear on sites like this?Increase Your Engagement Now!Want to report this publisher’s content as misinformation?Submit a ReportGot it, thanks!Remove Content Link?Please choose a reason below:Fake NewsMisleadingNot InterestedOffensiveRepetitiveSubmitCancellast_img read more

first_imgWednesday Jul 17, 2019 Schalk Burger reflects on THAT tackle on Fourie du Preez ten years ago Schalk Burger appeared on Supersport’s show In Touch a few days back to reflect on his retirement from rugby, and what the future holds. He also talked about that huge tackle on Fourie du Preez in 2009.ADVERTISEMENTThe 86-times capped Springbok says that the two were very good mates so he would have probably preferred to have made it on someone else, but lapped up the opportunity regardless.If you let the video play on after that, Burger also touched on the trying time when he contracted an awful illness in hospital after surgery. Posted By: rugbydump Share Send Thanks Sorry there has been an error Big Hits & Dirty Play Related Articles 25 WEEKS AGO Suspensions handed down after testicle grabbing… 26 WEEKS AGO The ‘double ruffle’ splits opinion with fans… 26 WEEKS AGO WATCH: The nastiest and most brutal moments… From the WebThis Video Will Soon Be Banned. Watch Before It’s DeletedSecrets RevealedYou Won’t Believe What the World’s Most Beautiful Girl Looks Like TodayNueeyUrologists Stunned: Forget the Blue Pill, This “Fixes” Your EDSmart Life ReportsIf You Have Ringing Ears Do This Immediately (Ends Tinnitus)Healthier LivingDoctors Stunned: She Removes Her Wrinkles With This Inexpensive TipSmart Life Reports30+ Everyday Items with a Secret Hidden PurposeNueeyThe content you see here is paid for by the advertiser or content provider whose link you click on, and is recommended to you by Revcontent. As the leading platform for native advertising and content recommendation, Revcontent uses interest based targeting to select content that we think will be of particular interest to you. We encourage you to view your opt out options in Revcontent’s Privacy PolicyWant your content to appear on sites like this?Increase Your Engagement Now!Want to report this publisher’s content as misinformation?Submit a ReportGot it, thanks!Remove Content Link?Please choose a reason below:Fake NewsMisleadingNot InterestedOffensiveRepetitiveSubmitCancellast_img read more

AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Dennis & Beyond team up with NCT About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. Howard Lake | 18 January 2001 | News  14 total views,  1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Contract publisher Dennis & Beyond and its online sister company Dennis Interactive are setting up a joint online creative and sales initiative. Their first joint project will be a Web site for the National Childbirth Trust, due to launch at the end of January. read more

first_imgA woman waving a banner of the revolutionary ‘Che’ Guevara takes part in a protest against a U.S. mining project in Lima in July 2012.What is now Perú was the home, not only of one of the largest empires in the world at one point, but of the largest Indigenous empire. The Incas had evolved and built from earlier Andean groups such as the Chimu, the largest ancient Peruvian civilization directly succeeded by the Incas.The Incas were a large umbrella encompassing different tribes. The empire extended from the north of Chile to the middle of Ecuador to the east of Bolivia and all of present-day Perú. Over 10 million people from different tribes and cultural backgrounds belonged to this empire, with over 40,000 languages spoken, the elite language being Quechua.Known as Rumaisimi, “people’s language,” Quechua is still the official language of Perú, along with Spanish. In 1975, Perú was the first country in the world to officially recognize an Indigenous language. Twenty-five percent of the Peruvian population speak Quechua while others learn it in school as a second language.Indigenous resistance to colonizationThe Incan Empire is believed to have risen around 1200 Common Era, continuing until 1532 CE, when Francisco Pizarro and Spanish military forces began a campaign to conquer the vast and highly developed empire. As Incan forces battled the invaders, resistance against the colonizers was aided by the last Incan state of Vilcabamba, where the leader Manqu Inka Yupanki set up a refuge for the remaining Incas. Manco Inca’s three sons, Sayra Túpac, Titu Cusi Yupanqui and Túpac Amaru I, continued to fight for decades until they were defeated or killed.As Spanish invaders attacked, they also began bringing kidnapped people from the West African coast to Perú as enslaved workers. The Spanish forced some enslaved Africans to fight against the Indigenous people, who at the same time were also being forced into slavery. As European diseases began killing Indigenous people, the colonizers needed more enslaved African people as workers, in a parallel to other colonized “New World” lands.The Spanish, with their system of enslavement, created a racist caste and class system in the land that was now Perú, effectively separating and dividing workers into lower classes. The European Spanish were the most elite; then Criollos of Spanish descent born in the colonies; Mestizos who were Spanish and Indigenous; Mulattos who were African and Spanish; Indios who were Indigenous; Negros who were African; and Zambos, the lowest on the conquerors’ list, who were of Native and African descent. (Described in “Colonial Perú, the Caste System, and the ‘Purity’ of Blood,” by David Gaughran.)A noted figure in resistance against the Spanish was a Mestizo man claiming to a descendant of Túpac Amaru I. Born José Gabriel Condorcanqui in 1738, known as Túpac Amaru II, he organized a rebellion of over 60,000 Indigenous people at the peak of Spanish colonization. The rebellion kidnapped colonial leaders, held them for ransom and executed them in ways similar to Spanish tactics against the Incas.Indigenous populations supported the rebellion, which was nearly successful until Túpac Amaru II was captured in 1781. Because of his heroism and success, his name adorns many streets and a long highway in Perú, and he remains a beloved figure.War for independence from SpainThe Peruvian War of Independence (1811-1826) came as European empires were beginning to lose other colonies. The thirteen “American” colonies had kicked out England; the successful Haitian Revolution had defeated France; and Spain had lost the Dominican Republic and its power in Argentina.Leading the first struggles for Peruvian independence was José de San Martín, the son of Spaniards, born in Argentina, and a soldier in the Spanish military from the age of 11. He left that army when Argentinians began rising for independence, and became the highest ranked Spanish officer to join a revolutionary movement in the Spanish colonies. His proclamation in Lima on July 28, 1821, was the first formal declaration of Perú’s independence from Spain. After de San Martín’s death, Simón Bolívar completed Perú’s liberation, as well as being integral to that of Venezuela, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Panama.The unknown history for many is that these liberation struggles were aided by Haiti after the successful Haitian Revolution. In 1815, Simón Bolívar made his way to Haiti to seek aid from the first Haitian president, Alexandre Pétion. Haitians helped rebuild Bolívar’s army, gave food and shelter, and sent over military supplies.Pétion gave all this with only one request in return: that all slaves be liberated. In response, Bolívar said: “Should I not let it be known to later generations that Alexander Pétion is the true liberator of my country?” (tinyurl.com/y9ta5enp)Colonialization and capitalismSince independence from Spain, Perú has been plagued by reactionary military rule, austerity and capitalism, to this very day. According to Peru Reports, the top 20 percent of the population owns half the wealth of the country. That wealth is concentrated in Lima, the capital city, whereas the poverty rate in the rest of Perú approaches 30 percent.Misogyny is rampant in Perú. The Ministry for Women noted that in 2017 there was a 26 percent increase in gender-based violence. Seventy-five percent of Peruvian women asserted being victims of psychological and/or physical assault.Racism has been poorly combated in Perú. When, in 1940, the Peruvian government took away race as a government census category to create an “all-Peruvian” identity, this amounted to the state saying inaccurately: “We don’t see color.” Though in 2009, the Peruvian government released an apology for “abuse, exclusion and discrimination” against Afro-Peruvians, the lack of official recognition of Afro-Peruvians has given a way to deny racism against them and made it difficult to report racism in public institutions.In 2013, the Ministry of Education released a survey that showed 81 percent of Peruvians believed there was rampant discrimination in the country. Only 17 percent of Quechua and Aymara people reported belief in the Peruvian state’s performative “appreciation” for their culture.Since the 2017 return of Afro identity on the state census, it is now estimated there are between 1.4 to 2.5 million Afro-Peruvians.Because of these conditions, ongoing since the age of colonialism, movements have taken place in Perú to fight for socialism. In 1983, the Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement (MRTA) was formed, born out of groups such as the Peruvian Communist Party-Marxist Leninist, the Marxist-Leninist Revolutionary Socialist Party and Revolutionary Left Movement. The MRTA operated in two wings, legally and illegally, calling for a Marxist revolution in Perú.Struggles for socialismThe biggest focus of the MRTA’s work was to combat imperialism within Perú as well as oppose tactics maneuvered by the United States. The MRTA declared war on the U.S. within Perú and attacked every aspect of U.S. presence in the country. The MRTA kidnapped business executives and robbed banks. The director of Kentucky Fried Chicken in Perú claimed that the company “received ‘almost daily’ demands from the MRTA during January and February 1991 for ‘war taxes,’ and one director has left the country to avoid being kidnapped.” (tinyurl.com/yc5xytkg)While MRTA probably numbered only about 1,000 people, in 1991 the CIA claimed the MRTA was “one of the greatest terrorist threats to U.S. interests in South America.” The CIA also compared MRTA to the Cuban guerrilla fighters and the National Liberation Army in Colombia and Bolivia. According to the CIA, the MRTA had received training and aid from Cuba and Libya in the late 1980s and early 1990s. (tinyurl.com/yc5xytkg)The last attack organized by MRTA was in 1996 on the Japanese Embassy in Lima, when ambassadors from Japan came to celebrate their emperor’s birthday in Perú. The MRTA kidnapped and held hostages at the embassy, declaring an overthrow of the dictatorship of the current U.S.-backed president, Alberto Fujimori, who was of Japanese descent.Removed from office in 2001, Fujimori was put on trial in 2007, the charges eventually including crimes against humanity for the mass murders of students and farmers and the organization of a death squad, Colina Group. (Alberto Fujimori).Sentenced to 25 years in prison, Fujimori was given a “humanitarian” pardon by then-President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski in 2017. Kuczynski had won the Peruvian presidency against Fujimori’s daughter, Keiko Fujimori, on the platform of making sure justice was served against Alberto Fujimori. Upon this betrayal, Peruvians protested by the tens of thousands in cities all over Perú and internationally.While Perú has a long and revolutionary history fighting for independence from foreign empires, Perú has remained a victim of capitalism and imperialism. The U.S. is still its colonizer, with Perú functioning as its proxy in South America. The hand of the U.S. in Perú’s internal affairs promotes groups and government officials that put self-interested profit over the needs of the people. The Peruvian government cracks down on labor organizers and monitors socialists through “anti-terrorism” units.But the people continue to rise against conditions that oppress them — continue to rise in opposition to corruption, wealth inequality, gender-based violence and racism, against foreign companies’ exploitation of Peruvian land and resources.The first goal is the expulsion of foreign interference in Perú, especially that of the U.S. Then, a return to the land and communal living as practiced by our Indigenous ancestors; a serious process of decolonization to address systemic and cultural flaws left by colonization; and the building of socialism.Happy July 28th! Happy Perú Independence Day! ¡Viva el Perú, carajo! Long live Perú, dammit!Kayla Popuchet, a Peruvian citizen, is the daughter of Haitian and Peruvian immigrants, of Indigenous Quechuan descent.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more